Cultural Diversity in Australia

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Australia boasts of a unique history that has been shaped by the diversity of her inhabitants, their lifestyle and contemporary culture. The three core elements that have been central to the creation of Australia’s demographic composition encompass the diversity of her indigenous population, colonization by British in the past and the extensive immigration from numerous diverse cultures.

 

Australia can be described as a vibrant and multicultural nation, being home to the world’s cultures and inhabitants who can identify with more than 270 ancestries. From the year 1945, the number of people who have migrated to Australia from different parts of the globe are approximately seven million. The country considers the rich cultural diversity as its main strength which embodies its national identity.

Unique Facts about Australia’s Diversity

In 1945, there was the legislation of the racial discrimination act; meant ensure that discrimination in the country was against the law. Later in 1995, the act was extended to ensure that any acts of racial hatred were against the law. To-date, the act has been used in ensuring that Australia sends a strong message on the collective commitment to promoting racial equality and the significance of fairness for all.

One in every four Australian inhabitants was born overseas, with 46% of the population having at least a parent who was born overseas. Further, almost 20% of the population speaks a language that is not English. Overall, Australians speak more than 200 languages and that other than English; the most commonly spoken languages in the country are Italian, Arabic, Chinese and Greek.

The predominant religion in Australia is Christianity, with approximately 61% of the population professing the religions. The Christian population is made of more than 70 diverse Christian denominations, with the main denominations being catholic, uniting church, Anglican Eastern Orthodox, Presbyterian and Reformed. The other religions found in the country include Islam, Buddhism, Judaism and Hinduism with approximately 7,361 of the population practicing aboriginal traditional religions.

Challenges to Race Equality in Australia

One in every ten Australians asserts that there are some races that considered superior or inferior to others. Further, 18% of Australians who has participated in a survey argued that they have been discriminated due to the color of their skin, religion ethnic origin. It has been found that one in three individuals who have recently migrated into the country have faced challenges in their attempts to procure employment.

It however follows that most of the new immigrants assert that they feel strongly connected with Australia’s culture and that the feeling deeps as they continue with their stay in the country.

5 Things about Australian Culture that Blow Foreigners’ Minds

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Australia with its amazing people, diverse culture, mesmerizing views has always been a huge attraction for people all around the world. Australia or as some people call it Land down under’ provides many opportunities for visitors. It is sad however that the world still does not know a lot about this breath taking place. There are things that people have no clue about – even the ones who claim to know everything about Australia.

The Swearing

Australian vocabulary has a special tiny spot for a bit of Profanity to keep things interesting. You are not frowned upon if you call someone a bastard in the office area for humour or to show how frustrated you are. The trick to get away with it is to check the crowd before you let something out of your mouth. You can throw a couple of swears here and there but you certainly cannot drop a f-bomb in front of your gramma.


Equality and Eespect

Australia has an amazing standard when it comes to equality and respect. Australians care a lot when it comes to common courtesy and therefore you have to sit with the guy who is helping you out with your commute.

Casual Conversation is Important

Rest of the world intents to keep their business meeting short and to the point but not the Australians. Getting to the point directly during a business meeting is considered to be rude and aggressive.


Socialising After Work is Important

Everyday is a Friday for Aussies when it comes to chilling after work. They don’t have to wait for a particular day to hang out after day of work. They can grab a beer in the pub around the corner or a pizza from their favourite place any day of the week to relieve the stress of the previous.

20 Days Off in a Year

Australians shock the world again with the number of annual off days. In a place like Australia where people are nice and easy going one would expect that the number of holidays would to be greater, or at least equal to the rest of the world. While British people enjoy 25 days off per year, most countries have 30  holidays. However, Australians can get a day off for a horse race called the Melbourne Cup each year on the first Tuesday in November. This has got to be one of the most unique holidays around the word.

 

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Religion in Australia

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The major religion of Australia is Christianity with about 61% of the population identifying as Christian. The Constitution has a document named “Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia” (signed in 1900) which does not prohibit establishment of churches as well as any interference with the religious freedom of its people. The Government of Australia respects religious rights and contributes to freedom in the practice of religion.

According to a discretionary Census carried out in 2011, 61.1% of the population affirmed their affiliation to Christianity – with 30.1% being Protestants (Anglican 17.1%, Lutheran 1.2%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist 1.6%. Pentecostal 1.1%, 1.3% other Protestants), 25.3% being Catholic (Roman Catholic 25.1%, other Catholic 0.2%) while the remaining 2.9% consists of other Christians, 23.3% said that they had ‘no religion’ (this category of religion consists of subcategories such as agnosticism – this philosophical view claims that existence of God or supernatural beings are mysterious and perhaps unknowable, atheism, humanism and rationalism) and an additional 9.4% refused to answer the question. The rest of the population is disparate with 2.5% Buddhists, 2.2% Muslims, 1.3% Hindus and 0.5% of Jews.
Religion in Australia

The natives of Australia practiced their own religious traditions before the British first settled in their lands in 1788 since which they primarily took up Christianity. They believe that the world, human beings, plants and animals were brought into being by Supernatural beings that later on retreated into the skies. They also incorporated ritual systems with life transitions as life and death.

Initially the Church of England was the most privileged religious institution in Australia but with time, the country witnessed transformation in its legal structure which assured individuals of religious impartiality. Many Irish Catholics were brought to Australia through the criminal justice system and the following years in the 19th Century, British Nonconformist Methodists, Presbyterians, Congregationalist, Baptists as well as German Lutherans put up their own churches, encouraging smaller groups arriving such as the Jews, Chinese workers and Afghan Cameleers to set up churches as well.
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It is important to note that Australia has a powerful tradition of civil (non-spiritual) government, but religious institutions have always played a very important role in public life of Australia. Catholics and Protestants for example have played a very fundamental role in developing education, health as well as welfare services within Australia.

Currently, about a quarter of Christians go to church weekly, and about a quarter of all school students are enrolled in church-affiliated schools. Christian festivals of Easter and Christmas are regarded public holidays.