Australia boasts of a unique history that has been shaped by the diversity of her inhabitants, their lifestyle and contemporary culture. The three core elements that have been central to the creation of Australia’s demographic composition encompass the diversity of her indigenous population, colonization by British in the past and the extensive immigration from numerous diverse cultures.
Australia can be described as a vibrant and multicultural nation, being home to the world’s cultures and inhabitants who can identify with more than 270 ancestries. From the year 1945, the number of people who have migrated to Australia from different parts of the globe are approximately seven million. The country considers the rich cultural diversity as its main strength which embodies its national identity.
Unique Facts about Australia’s Diversity
In 1945, there was the legislation of the racial discrimination act; meant ensure that discrimination in the country was against the law. Later in 1995, the act was extended to ensure that any acts of racial hatred were against the law. To-date, the act has been used in ensuring that Australia sends a strong message on the collective commitment to promoting racial equality and the significance of fairness for all.
One in every four Australian inhabitants was born overseas, with 46% of the population having at least a parent who was born overseas. Further, almost 20% of the population speaks a language that is not English. Overall, Australians speak more than 200 languages and that other than English; the most commonly spoken languages in the country are Italian, Arabic, Chinese and Greek.
The predominant religion in Australia is Christianity, with approximately 61% of the population professing the religions. The Christian population is made of more than 70 diverse Christian denominations, with the main denominations being catholic, uniting church, Anglican Eastern Orthodox, Presbyterian and Reformed. The other religions found in the country include Islam, Buddhism, Judaism and Hinduism with approximately 7,361 of the population practicing aboriginal traditional religions.
Challenges to Race Equality in Australia
One in every ten Australians asserts that there are some races that considered superior or inferior to others. Further, 18% of Australians who has participated in a survey argued that they have been discriminated due to the color of their skin, religion ethnic origin. It has been found that one in three individuals who have recently migrated into the country have faced challenges in their attempts to procure employment.
It however follows that most of the new immigrants assert that they feel strongly connected with Australia’s culture and that the feeling deeps as they continue with their stay in the country.